Torah of Moses vs Torah of Yahuah

So many are confused because of the phrase “The Law of Moses” or “The Feasts of Israel” which are so commonly known, but who’s Torah is it and who’s Feasts are they? Today we will look deeper into this so that we can clear up some confusion.

In order to do this we will need to go back into Scriptural history. Let us go back to Mt Sinai. When Israel reached Mt Sinai after leaving Egypt, Moses went up to Yahuah. Let us see what happened from there.

And Mosheh went up to Elohim, and Yahuah called to him from the mountain, saying, “This is what you are to say to the house of Ya’aqob, and declare to the children of Yisra’el: ‘You have seen what I did to the Mitsrites (Egyptians), and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself. ‘And now, if you diligently obey My voice, and shall guard My covenant, then you shall be My treasured possession above all the peoples – for all the earth is Mine – ‘and you shall be to Me a reign of priests and a set-apart nation.’ Those are the words which you are to speak to the children of Yisra’el.”
(Exo 19:3-6)

We need to realize that this is a call to marriage and that the scene at Mt Sinai was a wedding. The above words of Yahuah was (in our terms) a marriage proposal. Bear this in mind as we continue.

And Mosheh came and called for the elders of the people, and set before them all these words which Yahuah commanded him. And all the people answered together and said, “All that Yahuah has spoken we shall do.” So Mosheh brought back the words of the people to Yahuah.
(Exo 19:7-8)

Take note that ALL the people accepted Yahuah’s marriage proposal which Moses took back to Yahuah.

And Yahuah said to Mosheh, “See, I am coming to you in the thick cloud, so that the people hear when I speak with you, and believe you forever.” And Mosheh reported the words of the people to Yahuah. And Yahuah said to Mosheh, “Go to the people and set them apart today and tomorrow. And they shall wash their garments, and shall be prepared by the third day. For on the third day Yahuah shall come down upon Mount Sinai before the eyes of all the people. “And you shall make a border for the people all around, saying, ‘Take heed to yourselves that you do not go up to the mountain or touch the border of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall certainly be put to death. ‘Not a hand is to touch it, but he shall certainly be stoned or shot with an arrow, whether man or beast, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds long, let them come near the mountain.”
(Exo 19:9-13)

After Moses told Yahuah that the people accepted His proposal, Yahuah gave Moses instructions for the people to meet Him.

And Mosheh came down from the mountain to the people and set the people apart, and they washed their garments. And he said to the people, “Be prepared by the third day. Do not come near a wife.”
(Exo 19:14-15)

The next few verses shows the awesome presence of Yahuah on the mountain. Even just His presence made the people tremble. He has not even spoken yet.

And it came to be, on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain. And the sound of the ram’s horn was very loud, and all the people who were in the camp trembled. And Mosheh brought the people out of the camp to meet with Elohim, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. And Mount Sinai was in smoke, all of it, because Yahuah descended upon it in fire. And its smoke went up like the smoke of a furnace, and all the mountain trembled exceedingly. And when the blast of the ram’s horn sounded long and became louder and louder, Mosheh spoke, and Elohim answered him by voice.
(Exo 19:16-19)

Yahuah calls Moses for a warning to the people:

And Yahuah came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And Yahuah called Mosheh to the top of the mountain, and Mosheh went up. And Yahuah said to Mosheh, “Go down, and warn the people, lest they break through unto Yahuah to see, and many of them fall. “And let the priests who come near Yahuah set themselves apart too, lest Yahuah break out against them.”
(Exo 19:20-22)

Moses responds to the warning by reminding Yahuah that they made a border around the mountain.

And Mosheh said to Yahuah, “The people are not able to come up to Mount Sinai, for You warned us, saying, ‘Make a border around the mountain and set it apart.’ ” And Yahuah said to him, “Come, go down and then come up, you and Aharon with you. But do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to Yahuah, lest He break out against them.”
(Exo 19:23-24)

And Mosheh went down to the people and spoke to them.
(Exo 19:25)

Now up until now can be seen as preparation for meeting Yahuah. Next we will see how Yahuah verbally spoke the ten commandments for ALL the people to hear.

And Elohim spoke all these Words, saying, “I am Yahuah your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim (Egypt), out of the house of slavery. “You have no other mighty ones against My face. “You do not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of that which is in the heavens above, or which is in the earth beneath, or which is in the waters under the earth, you do not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, Yahuah your Elohim am a jealous El, visiting the crookedness of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and guard My commands. “You do not bring the Name of Yahuah your Elohim to naught, for Yahuah does not leave the one unpunished who brings His Name to naught. “Remember the Sabbath day, to set it apart. “Six days you labour, and shall do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of Yahuah your Elohim. You do not do any work – you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. “For in six days Yahuah made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore Yahuah blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart. “Respect your father and your mother, so that your days are prolonged upon the soil which Yahuah your Elohim is giving you. “You do not murder. “You do not commit adultery. “You do not steal. “You do not bear false witness against your neighbour. “You do not covet your neighbour’s house, you do not covet your neighbour’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, or whatever belongs to your neighbour.”
(Exo 20:1-17)

Many read the above and do not realize the bigger picture surrounding what is happening at this point. People will read this and think, “oh yes, these are the ten commandment” and no further. Ever wondered why Yahuah stopped here and did not continue? Let us continue and see what happens.

And all the people saw the thunders, the lightning flashes, the sound of the ram’s horn, and the mountain smoking. And the people saw it, and they trembled and stood at a distance, and said to Mosheh, “You speak with us and we hear, but let not Elohim speak with us, lest we die.”
(Exo 20:18-19)

The people could not handle listening to Yahuah so they told Moses to become an intermediary between them and Yahuah. This was not how it was intended at all. Can you imagine having someone liaising between you and your husband because you fear him that much? Let us see how merciful Yahuah is.

And Mosheh said to the people, “Do not fear, for Elohim has come to prove you, and in order that His fear be before you, so that you do not sin.”
(Exo 20:20)

This must tell us something about mankind. This group of people has just witnessed the ten plagues in Egypt and their own miraculous salvation from the Egyptian army not to talk about the sea which Yahuah opened for them to walk through and yet He still wants to ensure that they fear Him so that they wont sin?

So now we see that the commandments come from Yahuah and it is Yahuah’s commandments and not Moses commandments, he just passed them on. It was not Yahuah who wanted Moses to liaise between Him and the people, it was the people requesting it. After this Yahuah gave Moses the full Torah to take to the people.

It is not wrong to say “Torah of Moses”, because it was through him the people received it, but it is not Moses who commanded the people to obey him.

Until next time, Shalom.