We have grown up to believe that the feasts listed in Leviticus 23 are only for the “Jews” or “Israel” and that it has nothing to do with us. Is this true? Who’s feasts are these? In this study we will look deeper into the feasts in general.
And Yahuah spoke to Mosheh, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and say to them, ‘The appointed times of Yahuah, which you are to proclaim as set-apart gatherings, My appointed times, are these:
Here we can clearly see that it refers to the “appointed times” where other versions refer to “feasts”. Let us look at the Hebrew word which is used here.
מוֹעָדָה מֹעֵד מוֹעֵד
mô‛êd mô‛êd mô‛âdâh
mo-ade’, mo-ade’, mo-aw-daw’
From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): – appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).
The word for “appointed time” or “feast” in this verse is Strong’s Ref H4150 as shown above. Take note that it does not only refer to it as a feast but also as an assembly, place of meeting, appointed time and even a signal. Basically to use my own words, it is Yahuah’s appointments. We will see as we progress with the studies on the feasts whether this statement of mine is valid or not.
In the above verses we also see that it states that these are Yahuah’s appointed times. Therefore for us to say that we no longer need to celebrate them because it is “Israel’s feasts” etc is not a valid reason for not celebrating it.
Let us continue through the rest of the chapter.
‘Six days work is done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a set-apart gathering. You do no work, it is a Sabbath to Yahuah in all your dwellings.
The first appointed time we see is that of the Sabbath day and even here we see that it is a Sabbath unto Yahuah. Another thing we notice is that it states “in ALL your dwellings” and therefore does not seem to have an expiry date on it.
‘These are the appointed times of Yahuah, set-apart gatherings which you are to proclaim at their appointed times.
Before we get to the rest of the appointed times we see that Yahuah once again states that these are His appointed times and that it must be proclaimed. Let us have a closer look at the word for “gatherings” in this verse.
From H7121; something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the palce); also a rehearsal: – assembly, calling, convocation, reading.
Take note that the above word does not only refer to a gathering but also to a rehearsal. Using my own words for illustration purposes: These feasts are dress rehearsals. Dress rehearsals for what? Dress rehearsals for the real thing. A quick example will be to say that just as Israel celebrated Passover every year exactly as instructed in the Torah, so Yeshua fulfilled every detail of that feast to the minute. The time the sacrifice was made is when Yeshua was being prepared for crucifixion and the time when the second sacrifice was made is when He died. More detail will follow in a study on Passover. Therefore these appointed times is to prepare us for the final act by doing the dress rehearsals beforehand so that we know what is happening when the final curtain is drawn.
PASSOVER: 14th Day, 1st Month
‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between the evenings, is the Passover to Yahuah.
UNLEAVENED BREAD: 15th Day, 1st Month for 7 Days
‘And on the fifteenth day of this month is the Festival of Unleavened Bread to Yahuah – seven days you eat unleavened bread. ‘On the first day you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work. ‘And you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah for seven days. On the seventh day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.’ ”
We see two Sabbath Days here, the first and seventh day of the feast. These Sabbaths are commonly referred to as “High Sabbaths” because it is not the normal weekly Sabbath and can occur on any week day.
FIRST FRUITS: Calculated date
And Yahuah spoke to Mosheh, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and you shall say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I give you, and shall reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first-fruits of your harvest to the priest. ‘And he shall wave the sheaf before Yahuah, for your acceptance. On the morrow after the Sabbath the priest waves it. ‘And on that day when you wave the sheaf, you shall prepare a male lamb a year old, a perfect one, as a burnt offering to Yahuah, and its grain offering: two-tenths of an Ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to Yahuah, a sweet fragrance, and its drink offering: one-fourth of a hin of wine. ‘And you do not eat bread or roasted grain or fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your Elohim – a law forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
This is one of the appointed times which does not have a set date given as the rest. This one is calculated. We will look into the calculation of this feast day in the appropriate feast study post in the future. For now it is important to realize that this date is not fixed and is determined by given factors as will be shown.
Feast of Weeks (Shavuot / Pentecost): 50th Day from First Fruits (Always a Sunday)
‘And from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, you shall count for yourselves: seven completed Sabbaths. ‘Until the morrow after the seventh Sabbath you count fifty days, then you shall bring a new grain offering to Yahuah. ‘Bring from your dwellings for a wave offering two loaves of bread, of two-tenths of an Ephah of fine flour they are, baked with leaven, first-fruits to Yahuah. ‘And besides the bread, you shall bring seven lambs a year old, perfect ones, and one young bull and two rams. They are a burnt offering to Yahuah, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet fragrance to Yahuah. ‘And you shall offer one male goat as a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old, as a peace offering. ‘And the priest shall wave them, besides the bread of the first-fruits, as a wave offering before Yahuah, besides the two lambs. They are set-apart to Yahuah for the priest. ‘And on this same day you shall proclaim a set-apart gathering for yourselves, you do no servile work on it – a law forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. ‘And when you reap the harvest of your land do not completely reap the corners of your field when you reap, and do not gather any gleaning from your harvest. Leave them for the poor and for the stranger. I am Yahuah your Elohim.’ ”
This is a High Sabbath.
FEAST OF TRUMPETS: 1st Day, 7th Month
And Yahuah spoke to Mosheh, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you have a rest, a remembrance of blowing of trumpets, a set-apart gathering. ‘You do no servile work, and you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah.’ ”
This is a High Sabbath.
DAY OF ATONEMENT (YOM KIPPUR): 10th Day, 7th Month
And Yahuah spoke to Mosheh, saying, “On the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be a set-apart gathering for you. And you shall afflict your beings, and shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. “And you do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before Yahuah your Elohim. “For any being who is not afflicted on that same day, he shall be cut off from his people. “And any being who does any work on that same day, that being I shall destroy from the midst of his people. “You do no work – a law forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. ‘It is a Sabbath of rest to you, and you shall afflict your beings. On the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you observe your Sabbath.”
Look carefully at how many times it is said that we are NOT to work on this day. Personally I see this as the most important day of the given dates due to all the emphasize given on it being a Sabbath Day. If you look at the name of this feast it should already show its importance, not that the others are not important but maybe that is why the emphasize is given. I dont think it is necessary for me to say that this is a High Sabbath.
FEAST OF TABENACLES (SUKKOT): 15th Day, 7th Month for 8 Days
And Yahuah spoke to Mosheh, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ‘On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the Festival of Booths for seven days to Yahuah. ‘On the first day is a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work. ‘For seven days you bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. On the eighth day there shall be a set-apart gathering for you, and you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. It is a closing festival, you do no servile work. ‘These are the appointed times of Yahuah which you proclaim as set-apart gatherings, to bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a slaughtering and drink offerings, as commanded for every day – besides the Sabbaths of Yahuah, and besides your gifts, and besides all your vows, and besides all your voluntary offerings which you give to Yahuah. ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you gather in the fruit of the land, observe the festival of Yahuah for seven days. On the first day is a rest, and on the eighth day a rest. ‘And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of good trees, branches of palm trees, twigs of leafy trees, and willows of the stream, and shall rejoice before Yahuah your Elohim for seven days. ‘And you shall observe it as a festival to Yahuah for seven days in the year – a law forever in your generations. Observe it in the seventh month. ‘Dwell in booths for seven days; all who are native Yisra’elites dwell in booths, so that your generations know that I made the children of Yisra’el dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Mitsrayim. I am Yahuah your Elohim.’ ” Thus did Mosheh speak of the appointed times of Yahuah to the children of Yisra’el.
We have two High Sabbaths for this feast. In the end we once again see that it refers to the appointed times as that of Yahuah’s. I would also like you to note how many times it was states that the law is forever. In a future study we will see how Yeshua Himself celebrated these feasts.
CLOSING CEREMONY: 22nd Day, 7th Month
On the eighth day there shall be a set-apart gathering for you, and you shall bring an offering made by fire to Yahuah. It is a closing festival, you do no servile work.
How many have noticed this? We have a closing ceremony for the feasts! This will be discussed in a post of its own.
Until next time.