While Moses went up the mountain to receive the full Torah from Yahuah the people decided to make a golden calf. Let us see how this happened.
(1) And when the people saw that Mosheh was so long in coming down from the mountain, the people gathered together to Aharon, and said to him, “Arise, make us mighty ones who go before us. For this Mosheh, the man who brought us up out of the land of Mitsrayim, we do not know what has become of him.”
When Mosheh took too long they wanted to make gods. When you know this part of history already then you will realize that Mosheh was up on the mountain for 40 days. This they found to be too long. After everything we have seen so far they once again tested Yahuah.
(2) And Aharon said to them, “Take off the golden earrings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.”
Aharon was supposed to tell them that they were in error but he gave them what they wanted and tickled their ears with his words.
(3) “And all the people took off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them to Aharon.
(4) And he took this from their hand, and he formed it with an engraving tool, and made a moulded calf. And they said, “This is your mighty one, O Yisra’el, that brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim!”
Who made the golden calf? Aharon! The High Priest! The one who should have known better.
(5) And Aharon saw and built an altar before it. And Aharon called out and said, “Tomorrow is a festival to Yahuah.”
Now we need to notice something in the above verse. Aharon made the golden calf and made an altar before it and then proclaimed his own festival for Yahuah. He is worshipping Yahuah through this calf. He did not give it another name.
(6) And they rose early on the next day, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings. And the people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
Once again the people did as they pleased. Yahuah did not say that they must do this.
(7) And Yahuah said to Mosheh, “Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Mitsrayim have corrupted themselves.
Yahuah was calling the people “your people” and not “My people”.
(8) “They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a moulded calf, and have bowed themselves to it and slaughtered to it, and said, ‘This is your mighty one, O Yisra’el, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim!’ ”
The people were saying that this golden calf which they made brought them out of Egypt. This golden calf which cannot talk and cannot breath and cannot hear and cannot even move.
(9) And Yahuah said to Mosheh, “I have seen this people, and see, it is a stiff-necked people!
(10) “And now, let Me alone, that My wrath might burn against them and I consume them and I make of you a great nation.”
Yahuah wanted to destroy Israel. Note there was a test for Mosheh herein as well. Will he take the honour offered to him?
(11) But Mosheh pleaded with Yahuah his Elohim, and said, “Yahuah, why does Your wrath burn against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Mitsrayim with great power and with a strong hand?
(12) “Why should the Mitsrites speak, and say, ‘For evil He brought them out to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from the heat of Your wrath, and relent from this evil to Your people.
(13) “Remember Abraham, Yitshaq, and Yisra’el, Your servants, to whom You swore by Yourself, and said to them, ‘I increase your seed like the stars of the heavens. And all this land that I have spoken of I give to your seed, and they shall inherit it forever.’ ”
Mosheh did not want the honour. He was seeking Yahuah’s honour and not his own. Mosheh did not want Yahuah to look bad in the sight of the world after destroying the people He took out of Egypt. Mosheh also made reference here of “Your people”.
(14) And Yahuah relented from the evil which He said He would do to His people.
(15) And Mosheh turned and went down from the mountain, and in his hand were the two tablets of the Witness, tablets written on both their sides, written on the one and on the other.
Mosheh took the ten commandments with him when he went down to address the people. The commandments were written on both sides and this is mentioned twice. Now the ten commandments are what the people heard Yahuah give to them verbally Himself. They agreed to it. Then after this caused them to fear Yahuah they told Mosheh to speak to Yahuah and they would do everything which He tells them to do but they did not want to listen to Him because they feared they would die. This is provided for a brief summary but can be dealt with in a different post.
What needs to be highlighted is this command:
(2) “I am Yahuah your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, out of the house of slavery.
(3) “You have no other mighty ones against My face.
(4) “You do not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of that which is in the heavens above, or which is in the earth beneath, or which is in the waters under the earth,
(5) you do not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, Yahuah your Elohim am a jealous El, visiting the crookedness of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me,
(6) but showing kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and guard My commands.
What did we see the people do? They broke what is highlighted in maroon above. They said that the golden calf brought them out of Egypt. They made the golden calf a god. They bowed down to the golden calf and served it. They broke the ten commandments and thereby placing a curse upon them.
Let us continue and see what Mosheh does.
(16) And the tablets were the work of Elohim, and the writing was the writing of Elohim engraved on the tablets.
(17) And Yehoshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted and he said to Mosheh, “A noise of battle in the camp!”
(18) But he said, “It is not the sound of those who shout of might, nor is it the sound of those who cry out in weakness, but the sound of singing that I hear.”
(19) And it came to be, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. And Mosheh’s displeasure burned, and he threw the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain.
What Mosheh did here is very important. Remember it is said that Yeshua is the prophet like unto Mosheh. This is why Mosheh is symbolic of Yeshua. Yeshua came down and lived in Israel and showed everyone how to obey Yahuah (he showed the commandments) but He also saw how the people sinned and had to “break the stones” in His death and resurrection thereby taking the curse upon Himself. Let us see what happened with Mosheh. Remember he broke the stone as soon as he saw what the people did.
Take note that if Mosheh took the stones down to them then they would have come under condemnation and would have been destroyed.
(20) And he took the calf which they had made, and burned it in the fire, and ground it into powder, and scattered it on the face of the water and made the children of Yisra’el drink it.
Mosheh destroyed the golden calf.
(21) And Mosheh said to Aharon, “What did this people do to you that you have brought so great a sin upon them?”
Mosheh knew that Aharon was the one to make this.
(22) And Aharon said, “Do not let the displeasure of my master burn. You know the people, that it is in evil.
(23) “And they said to me, ‘Make us mighty ones who go before us. For this Mosheh, the man who brought us out of the land of Mitsrayim, we do not know what has become of him.’
(24) “And I said to them, ‘Whoever has gold, let them take it off.’ And they gave it to me, and I threw it into the fire, and this calf came out.”
(25) And Mosheh saw that the people were let loose, for Aharon had let them loose, to their shame among their enemies.
I would like us to consider the next Scripture:
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep. But the hireling, and not being a shepherd, one who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees. And the wolf snatches the sheep and scatters them. Now the hireling flees because he is a hireling and is not concerned about the sheep. Joh 10:11-13
Aharon was acting like a hireling because he did not protect the people.
(26) And Mosheh stood in the entrance of the camp, and said, “Who is for Yahuah Come to me.” And all the sons of Lewi gathered themselves to him.
When Mosheh asked who is for Yahuah then only the tribe of Lewi stepped forward.
(27) And he said to them, “Thus said Yahuah Elohim of Yisra’el: ‘Each one put his sword on his side, pass over to and fro from gate to gate in the camp, and each one slay his brother, and each one his friend, and each one his relative.’ ”
What does the sword symbolize?
Do not think that I have come to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword, Mat 10:34
Take also the helmet of deliverance, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of Elohim, Eph 6:17
If we stand for Yahuah then we need to have the sword of Yahuah beside us and stand firm in His Word.
(28) And the sons of Lewi did according to the word of Mosheh. And about three thousand men of the people fell that day.
(29) And Mosheh said, “You are ordained for Yahuah today – since each one has been against his son and his brother – so as to bring upon you a blessing today.”
Let us compare with the following verse:
If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his father and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers, and sisters, and his own life too, he is unable to be My taught one. And whoever does not bear his stake and come after Me is unable to be My taught one. Luk 14:26-27
The first thing which is mentioned here is that we should hate our family but what does this word “hate” mean? Love is the opposite of hate, right?
If you love Me, you shall guard My commands. Joh 14:15
What is meant with “hate” is that you must not obey your family at the cost of disobeying Yahuah.
(30) And it came to be on the next day that Mosheh said to the people, “You, you have sinned a great sin. And now I am going up to Yahuah – if I might atone for your sin.”
Yeshua came and lived on earth but He did not come 2,000 yrs ago to become King. Yeshua was the suffering Servant in that He died for our sins. He then went back to Yahuah to atone for our sins.
(31) And Mosheh returned to Yahuah and said, “Oh, these people have sinned a great sin, and have made for themselves a mighty one of gold!
(32) “And now, if You would forgive their sin, but if not, please blot me out of Your book which You have written.”
(33) And Yahuah said to Mosheh, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I blot him out of My book.
(34) “And now, go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. See, My Messenger goes before you. And in the day of My visitation I shall visit their sin upon them.”
(35) And Yahuah plagued the people because they made the calf, which Aharon made.
Could the book referred to in verse 33 be the same book in the following verse?
And it was given to him to fight with the set-apart ones and to overcome them. And authority was given to him over every tribe and tongue and nation. And all those dwelling on the earth, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the slain Lamb, from the foundation of the world shall worship him. Rev 13:7-8
And also this one:
And there shall by no means enter into it whatever is unclean, neither anyone doing abomination and falsehood, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life. Rev 21:27
Could this be the same book? The one which you will be blotted out of when you have sinned?
May Yahuah have mercy on us.
Until next time.
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